|Brown spots are caused by a combination of sun damage and a decline in the hormones that regulate the production of melanin. When your skin is exposed to sun, the UV rays break down the collagen and elastin. As a result the skin may become rougher and cause formation of brown spots due to the excess melanin, the pigment that gives color to the skin. Brown spots usually appear in areas exposed to the sun – on the face, back, neck, chest, shoulders, and hands.
You’ll be happy to know they are easily treatable. Here are some of the best ways to treat them:
This is a tried-and-true method of removing brown spots on the body. The dermatologist sprays the spot with cold nitrogen. This freezes the spot and makes it turn into a dark scab within a few days of treatment. The scab typically falls off in a week or two, leaving a pinkish mark that eventually fades.
This is another in-office procedure to zap brown spots. Lasers are usually more effective on smaller, darker spots; especially those on the hands. Several treatments may be necessary, and the spots can come back.
If you have multiple, lighter spots on the face, this is probably your best option. Several treatments will be needed and it is recommended to prep the skin with a retinoid or a higher concentration prescription-strength fading cream for best results.
This is probably one of the most important steps to remember after any of the above treatments. Even in the middle of winter, harmful UV rays can penetrate the windows of your car, home, and office. Be sure to keep the treated areas covered. If the treated areas are exposed to the sun, the skin can heal darker than before. Even after the skin is healed, don’t miss the application of sunscreen. The spots will come back if the area is left unprotected and exposed to the sun.
Here are our favorite sunscreens to choose from:
|MDSolarSciences Mineral Screen Lotion SPF40||NIA24 Sun Damage Prevention 100% Mineral Sunscreen SPF30||Neova DNA Damage Control Everyday SPF43|